The Republic of Austria is a landlocked country situated in southern Central Europe . It was established after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, which occurred at the end of the First world war.
Austria in the North it borders with Germany and Czech Republic . in the West Switzerland and Liechtenstein . to the South are the borders with Italy and Slovenia . on the East the country borders with Slovakia and Hungary . The length of the state borders of Austria with these countries is 2.706 km, of which 816 km with Germany, 466 km with the Czech Republic, 107 km with Slovakia, 354 km with Hungary, 330 km with Slovenia, 430 km with Italy, 166 km with Switzerland and 35 km with Liechtenstein. The total area of the country is 83.858 sq km. Continue reading
Lakes are different. Some quiet, romantic with water lilies and picturesque banks. Others muddy and cold, frightening in its coldness. And the third… and the third and lakes to name language does not turn – on the surface of these ponds sail boats on the lakes storm waves are not worse than in the ocean. That’s about them, the biggest lakes in the world, and we’ll talk.
So, meet – the largest lake in the world Caspian sea. Yes, for its size it can rightfully be called the sea. The area of the Caspian sea is 371 000 km 2. Is the Caspian sea at the crossroads of Asia and Europe. But despite the salty water and a large area, the Caspian sea is a closed lake.
In second place is lake superior – the largest lake in the world freshwater lake and the deepest, largest and coldest of the Great lakes. There is a lake in Canada and the USA. Its area is 82 of 100 km 2 .
In third place is the lake Victoria. It is located in East Africa, on the territory of three countries – Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. It is the largest lake in Africa, with an area of 69 km 2 500 .
It was three of the largest lakes in the world. Turn to the other, entering into ten largest. Continue reading
Sometimes it happens that we colloquially confuse “sea” and “lake”, meanwhile you can find a number of fundamental differences.
Sea – into the land or isolated shores of the mainland, the rapids or the Islands of the ocean. Sea there are internal (inland), marginal, and inter-island imaterialise.
Internal – this is the sea, located on the land surface. As a rule, they communicate with the ocean by one or several Straits. These are the Black, Azov, Baltic sea. Marginal seas, unlike the mainland, adjacent to the mainland or separated from the ocean by Islands, for example, the Chukchi and the Barents sea. Imaterialise sea located between the continents: Red and Mediterranean seas. Inter-island sea are usually located between the major Islands. This is the Java sea. It happens that the water basin is completely isolated from the World ocean, respectively, that lake, but it is called the sea because of the large size (Caspian sea).
Kilogram of seawater contains 35 grams of various salts: 27.2 grams of sodium chloride, 3.8 grams of magnesium chloride, 1.7 grams of magnesium sulfate and a little less grams of calcium sulfate.
Edible salt is produced by evaporation of sea water. The first precipitates salt because Continue reading