the Regions of Spain Our Spain

Asturias (Asturias) is the historical pride of the whole of Spain with its beautiful, untouched nature druzhelyubnyy local population makes this region unique and attractive for tourists.

Asturias still preserves its ancient title of the Principality (Principado de Asturias). This is nebulisations, mountainous region located in Northern Spain, near the coast of the Bay of Biscay. Asturias is bordered by Cantabria Galicia and Castile Leon. Key features of the geography of Asturias is its steep coastline with sharp coastal cliffs and mountainous landscapes. The climate of Asturias, as in the rest of North-Western Spain, much otlichaetsya southern regions of the country. Summer is usually humid and warm, with little rain. The winters are quite mild but with frequent cold snaps. Especially cold in the mountains, where snow lies from November to may.

History

In the first century BC, after a long resistance, the lands of the ancient Asturias zavoevannye were the Romans. Asturias along with part of Galicia was made into a separate province of the Roman Empire. After the arrival of the Arabs in the VIII century on the Peninsula, in the North, in the mountains of Asturias, there is a small Visigothic Kingdom. It is within the territory of Asturias began the era of the Reconquest (Reconquista) – the liberation of Spain from Muslim enslavement.

In 722, hidden in the mountains near the village of Covadonga (Covadonga) against the troops of the Emir of córdoba, addressed a detachment of three hundred men under the command of the legendary leader, don Pelayo (Don Pelayo). Having lured the Arabs into a trap, squad Pelayo defeated them in a narrow mountain saddle. After this battle (batalla de Covadonga) Spain got rid of foreign influence, and the Asturias, remained in the centuries-old chronicle of Spain of the only unconquered region.

For two centuries, Asturias was an independent Principality. In the X century there was formed a new Kingdom of Leon. From the middle of the XVI century Under this name it existed until you entered the Kingdom of Castile in 1230 when Ferdinand III of Castile became a unified king of both kingdoms. The heir to the Spanish crown bears the title of Prince of Asturias.

National Park Picos de Europa (Parque Nacional de los Picos de Europa) – this first national Park of Spain was formed in 1918 on the territory of three regions.

In the Asturian part of the Park are the famous Covadonga lakes (Lagos de Covadonga). The serpentine narrow road ascends off into the mountains and ends at the shores of lake Enol (Enol). From here you can start pesciarelli mountain ranges and green meadows stretching along the crystal clear waters of the lakes.

The main palomnichestva and the most visited by tourists dostoprimechatelnostey in Asturias sacred altar of the virgin Covadonga (Virgen de Covadonga). Chapel with the image of the virgin and the remains of Pelayo is located in a cave (Santa Cueva) to plumb a rock. Winding path leading to it, is always filled with groups of pilgrims and tourists.

Oviedo (Oviedo), the capital of the Principality of Asturias, beautiful, green city where the main attractions are the Gothic Cathedral of the XVI century (San Salvador”s Cathedral) and two churches representing the top of the magnificent pre-Romanesque art and yavlyayuschiesya heritage of global significance – Santa Maria Naranjo (Santa Maria del Naranco) and San Miguel de Lilye(San Miguel de Lillo.).

Gijón (Gijon) is a city on the coast with beautiful beaches and old fishermen’s quarters. Gijon is a large city, it owes its port, one of the most important on the Cantabrian coast.

Kitchen

Cider (Sidra) is the most famous drink of Asturias. Usual procedure of filling the glasses – here becomes a ritual. The waiter pours the drink in large glasses with a certain height, only then, the cider becomes frothy. The same process of filling the glasses can be seen in every bar and restaurant Asturias.

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