Rivers and lakes Hungary
The main river of Hungary, the Danube, crosses the Northern part of the hills is narrow, with steep banks, deep valley through the Midlands, forming a picturesque valley.
The mountains here are low, but due to their volcanic origin, have almost “Alpine” character.
Budapest is located in the southern end of this narrow portion of the river valley.
Following the Danube bend – flowing river, its width is 400-550 m. In the Budapest area of the Danube considerably already – 300-350 m.
On the Danube there are two floods of the spring and summer; the first is associated with snowmelt in the upper reaches of the river, second the rains. The most dangerous is the spring flood.
The river is navigable throughout its Hungarian part.
The second most important river of Hungary, Tisza, a tributary of the Danube. But, vodozbirna its area occupies about half the country. Flood on the river otmechaetsya, as well as on the Danube, early in the spring and early summer.
In the river is always a lot of loess particles, therefore it is often called “blonde” or “blond” Tisza.
Prior to the implementation regulation of the riverbed of the Tisza river floods repeatedly flooded the Eastern part of Alfeld.
The largest lake of the country and of all Central Europe – Balaton (590 sq km), which the Hungarians are often called “the Hungarian sea”.
Lake Balaton is located on the Pannonian plain in the basin of tectonic origin, extended along the South-Eastern foot of the mountains of Bakony.
Its area is 596 km2; length 78 km, width — up to 12 km, average depth — 3 m, maximum: 11 m
South sandy shore, the water depth increases gradually, which creates ideal conditions for bathing children and adults.
North shore is more picturesque, there are many extinct volcanoes, hot thermal springs. Particularly picturesque is characterized the Peninsula of Tihany.
To the South-Western tip of the lake, adjacent marshy area KIS-Balaton (Small Balaton) with a unique vegetation and wildlife. There is a reserve.
In the Northern and Western parts of Hungary there is a considerable amount of small lakes. The largest of these is located on the border with Austria is lake Neusiedler see.
Lake Heviz is Europe’s largest warm lake (4 km from Keszthely ), healing water which is rich in minerals, and covers the bottom of therapeutic mud with a high content of radium.
This crater lake, dying geyser, whose surface in the late summer decorated with thousands of specially imported from India red water lilies.
Hungary is famous for abundance of mineral springs: a large number of sources exceeds 500, of which over one hundred is located in Budapest.