In the North-East of Kyrgyzstan, among rugged ranges that form the Northern and Central Tien Shan, is a huge basin of lake Issyk-Kul, called sometimes the sizes Kyrgyz sea. The maximum dimensions of the basin from West to East is 275 km from North to South and 146 km from Issyk Kul or Yssyk-Kol (in translation from Kyrgyz – “hot lake”, from the ancient Turkic – “sacred lake”) is considered the jewel of the country and the Tien Shan. The first mention of the Issyk-Kul is found in Chinese Chronicles the end of II century BC, where it is called the Same high (“warm sea”). The lake lies in the North-East of Kyrgyzstan in the vast tectonic depression formed over 50 million years ago.
The surface area of this lake is situated at an altitude of 1607 m above sea level, is 6236 sq. km largest it occupies the 23rd place among lakes of the world. However, this is one of the deepest lakes on earth. It is second only to lake Baikal, Caspian sea, lake Tanganyika and lake Nyasa. Issyk-Kul lake in size is the second largest Alpine lakes after lake Titicaca in South America. Its length is about 178 km, width 60 km, the coastline – 688 km, maximum depth is 668 m. the lake Shoreline is quite indented – there Continue reading
In the world there are a lot of very unusual places and breathtaking creations of nature. But sometimes, when the «improvement» mother nature takes people, it leads to very unexpected results and there are very strange, incredible miracles of nature. See for yourself!
1. Drzava or «the Gates of hell» — it is a gas crater in Turkmenistan, which never ceases to burn for 40 years. It «great» creation — is the work of Soviet engineers, who in 70-ies of the last century looking for oil.
During the drilling portion of the soil under which was a large gas field had failed. Fearing toxic fumes, Soviet engineers didn’t think up anything cleverer, than to burn gas in order to get rid of it. Here it also burns four decades, continuing to terrify and remind you how destructive humans are.
2. Fly Geyser or fly geyser. Actually is a permanent thermal spring, which, again, appeared due to human intervention. In 1916 there were performed drilling works and 60 years of groundwater with the inclusion of mineral wells broke through to the surface, creating this amazing creation.
3. Water Rio Tinto in the Spanish region of Andalusia, the color of blood. The pH of this water is $ 2, making it virtually Continue reading
The largest lake on Earth… What is it? Agree that the word “lake” seems a quiet and peaceful pond, overgrown with reeds. In it, closing her eyes, we see white water-lilies, and to the other side just the same hand.
However, few people think about the fact that there are such lakes, which will give odds to some of the seas, both in size and depth and strength of storms occur periodically.
Today I propose to talk about them.
The largest lake on Earth. Its characteristic features
Oddly enough, but the largest lake on Earth we used to call the sea, or the Caspian sea. In fact, taking into account its features, call it the sea is simply impossible. Why? Yes, because according to the definition, the last should fall any river, but located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia the Caspian sea is endorheic.
If you look closely at pictures taken from space, you can immediately note one undeniably important feature. – the Caspian sea has a rather complex shape resembling the letter S from the Latin alphabet.
Its dimensions are really impressive: the length from North to South is approximately 1,200 km, but the distance from the East to the West coast differs Continue reading