In the North-East of Kyrgyzstan, among rugged ranges that form the Northern and Central Tien Shan, is a huge basin of lake Issyk-Kul, called sometimes the sizes Kyrgyz sea. The maximum dimensions of the basin from West to East is 275 km from North to South and 146 km from Issyk Kul or Yssyk-Kol (in translation from Kyrgyz – “hot lake”, from the ancient Turkic – “sacred lake”) is considered the jewel of the country and the Tien Shan. The first mention of the Issyk-Kul is found in Chinese Chronicles the end of II century BC, where it is called the Same high (“warm sea”). The lake lies in the North-East of Kyrgyzstan in the vast tectonic depression formed over 50 million years ago.
The surface area of this lake is situated at an altitude of 1607 m above sea level, is 6236 sq. km largest it occupies the 23rd place among lakes of the world. However, this is one of the deepest lakes on earth. It is second only to lake Baikal, Caspian sea, lake Tanganyika and lake Nyasa. Issyk-Kul lake in size is the second largest Alpine lakes after lake Titicaca in South America. Its length is about 178 km, width 60 km, the coastline – 688 km, maximum depth is 668 m. the lake Shoreline is quite indented – there Continue reading
The Republic of Austria is a landlocked country situated in southern Central Europe . It was established after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, which occurred at the end of the First world war.
Austria in the North it borders with Germany and Czech Republic . in the West Switzerland and Liechtenstein . to the South are the borders with Italy and Slovenia . on the East the country borders with Slovakia and Hungary . The length of the state borders of Austria with these countries is 2.706 km, of which 816 km with Germany, 466 km with the Czech Republic, 107 km with Slovakia, 354 km with Hungary, 330 km with Slovenia, 430 km with Italy, 166 km with Switzerland and 35 km with Liechtenstein. The total area of the country is 83.858 sq km. Continue reading
The main river of Hungary, the Danube, crosses the Northern part of the hills is narrow, with steep banks, deep valley through the Midlands, forming a picturesque valley.
The mountains here are low, but due to their volcanic origin, have almost “Alpine” character.
Budapest is located in the southern end of this narrow portion of the river valley.
Following the Danube bend – flowing river, its width is 400-550 m. In the Budapest area of the Danube considerably already – 300-350 m.
On the Danube there are two floods of the spring and summer; the first is associated with snowmelt in the upper reaches of the river, second the rains. The most dangerous is the spring flood.
The river is navigable throughout its Hungarian part.
The second most important river of Hungary, Tisza, a tributary of the Danube. But, vodozbirna its area occupies about half the country. Flood on the river otmechaetsya, as well as on the Danube, early in the spring and early summer.
In the river is always a lot of loess particles, therefore it is often called “blonde” or “blond” Tisza.
Prior to the implementation regulation of the riverbed of the Tisza river floods repeatedly flooded the Eastern Continue reading