LAKE SVETLOYAR (Shambhala Russia) is a legendary lake located in the Nizhny Novgorod region. According to the local historian N. N. Khlopushina, the lake is of glacial-karstic origin; karst collapse that ensued as a result of a small earthquake, increased the lake depth to 25.5 m at relatively small sizes – h meters. The usual epithet, which is presented Svetloyar – “Pearl of the sky overturned in the green rim of the forest.” The surroundings of the lake are famous for their renomirani, some see in the water the reflection of the domes of the legendary Kitezh and hear the bell ringing.
The origin of the Svetloyar surrounded by a halo of legends. According to data collected by researchers Vladimir INKINEN and Valerian TURYGINA, the most ancient, pagan layer is associated with the evil goddess girl the Turk. She rode a spirited horse and would whip people for their sins, yet fell to the ground and there was a lake. The second stratum of the legend dates to the time of the invasion of Batu Khan. One of the Russian prisoners have not sustained tortures and has shown Tatars secret paths. But through the prayers of the inhabitants of Kitezh high power hid it at the bottom of the lake. The third layer of legends – the schismatic, Continue reading
Volcanoes for many of the uninitiated seem to be something fantastic and inconceivably terrible. In order to get a better idea about these objects we quote the interesting facts about volcanoes.
Only volcanic stone floating on the water’s surface is volcanic pumice. It is characterized by grey color, this stone is riddled with hollow holes formed during the cooling of the stone. This process was accompanied by the release of gases that are formed holes.
volcanic pumice, Interesting facts about volcanoes
The eruption of huge volcanoes, supervolcanoes called, often cause dire consequences. It is fire and rain, shed for miles around the volcano itself, and global climate change caused by ingress of ash into the atmosphere. Fortunately, these volcanoes erupt on the average several times in 100,000 years. One of them, located on the territory of Yellowstone national Park, scientists say that, in all likelihood, ready for another eruption.
the eruption of a SUPERVOLCANO,
The largest of the observed eruptions is considered to be the activity of the volcano of Tambora on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa. The eruption killed 100,000 people. According to researchers in Indonesia is home to the largest number of historically active Continue reading
Than are treated here. Chemical composition of groundwater of the Karelian hydrographic district is very varied: salinity, presents from ultrafresh water (less than 100 mg/l) to brackish (1000 mg/l).
On the territory of the Kondopoga district, 54 km North of Petrozavodsk is the first Russian resort of Mar special water, founded by Peter I in 1719 on the base of chalybeate springs.
Peter I repeatedly came to be treated at the resort with his family and court nobility. Time to the first arrival of the king were built three wooden Palace (hence the original name of the village — Palaces) for the Royal family and a large building with 20 rooms and the earthen hall, connected with springs. Since glandular sources are called “Marcial waters” in honor of Mars — God of war and iron.
Climate. The climate of Karelia is Central to the influence of Arctic and North Atlantic. Constant (over two-thirds of the year), the movement of masses of air in the direction “West — East”, large clouds, high humidity (average 80%) characterize the climate as cold temperate, transitional from Maritime to continental. The average temperature of the coldest months up to -13°C, Continue reading