In the North-East of Kyrgyzstan, among rugged ranges that form the Northern and Central Tien Shan, is a huge basin of lake Issyk-Kul, called sometimes the sizes Kyrgyz sea. The maximum dimensions of the basin from West to East is 275 km from North to South and 146 km from Issyk Kul or Yssyk-Kol (in translation from Kyrgyz – “hot lake”, from the ancient Turkic – “sacred lake”) is considered the jewel of the country and the Tien Shan. The first mention of the Issyk-Kul is found in Chinese Chronicles the end of II century BC, where it is called the Same high (“warm sea”). The lake lies in the North-East of Kyrgyzstan in the vast tectonic depression formed over 50 million years ago.
The surface area of this lake is situated at an altitude of 1607 m above sea level, is 6236 sq. km largest it occupies the 23rd place among lakes of the world. However, this is one of the deepest lakes on earth. It is second only to lake Baikal, Caspian sea, lake Tanganyika and lake Nyasa. Issyk-Kul lake in size is the second largest Alpine lakes after lake Titicaca in South America. Its length is about 178 km, width 60 km, the coastline – 688 km, maximum depth is 668 m. the lake Shoreline is quite indented – there Continue reading
The largest lake on Earth… What is it? Agree that the word “lake” seems a quiet and peaceful pond, overgrown with reeds. In it, closing her eyes, we see white water-lilies, and to the other side just the same hand.
However, few people think about the fact that there are such lakes, which will give odds to some of the seas, both in size and depth and strength of storms occur periodically.
Today I propose to talk about them.
The largest lake on Earth. Its characteristic features
Oddly enough, but the largest lake on Earth we used to call the sea, or the Caspian sea. In fact, taking into account its features, call it the sea is simply impossible. Why? Yes, because according to the definition, the last should fall any river, but located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia the Caspian sea is endorheic.
If you look closely at pictures taken from space, you can immediately note one undeniably important feature. – the Caspian sea has a rather complex shape resembling the letter S from the Latin alphabet.
Its dimensions are really impressive: the length from North to South is approximately 1,200 km, but the distance from the East to the West coast differs Continue reading
Sometimes it happens that we colloquially confuse “sea” and “lake”, meanwhile you can find a number of fundamental differences.
Sea – into the land or isolated shores of the mainland, the rapids or the Islands of the ocean. Sea there are internal (inland), marginal, and inter-island imaterialise.
Internal – this is the sea, located on the land surface. As a rule, they communicate with the ocean by one or several Straits. These are the Black, Azov, Baltic sea. Marginal seas, unlike the mainland, adjacent to the mainland or separated from the ocean by Islands, for example, the Chukchi and the Barents sea. Imaterialise sea located between the continents: Red and Mediterranean seas. Inter-island sea are usually located between the major Islands. This is the Java sea. It happens that the water basin is completely isolated from the World ocean, respectively, that lake, but it is called the sea because of the large size (Caspian sea).
Kilogram of seawater contains 35 grams of various salts: 27.2 grams of sodium chloride, 3.8 grams of magnesium chloride, 1.7 grams of magnesium sulfate and a little less grams of calcium sulfate.
Edible salt is produced by evaporation of sea water. The first precipitates salt because Continue reading