In the North-East of Kyrgyzstan, among rugged ranges that form the Northern and Central Tien Shan, is a huge basin of lake Issyk-Kul, called sometimes the sizes Kyrgyz sea. The maximum dimensions of the basin from West to East is 275 km from North to South and 146 km from Issyk Kul or Yssyk-Kol (in translation from Kyrgyz – “hot lake”, from the ancient Turkic – “sacred lake”) is considered the jewel of the country and the Tien Shan. The first mention of the Issyk-Kul is found in Chinese Chronicles the end of II century BC, where it is called the Same high (“warm sea”). The lake lies in the North-East of Kyrgyzstan in the vast tectonic depression formed over 50 million years ago.
The surface area of this lake is situated at an altitude of 1607 m above sea level, is 6236 sq. km largest it occupies the 23rd place among lakes of the world. However, this is one of the deepest lakes on earth. It is second only to lake Baikal, Caspian sea, lake Tanganyika and lake Nyasa. Issyk-Kul lake in size is the second largest Alpine lakes after lake Titicaca in South America. Its length is about 178 km, width 60 km, the coastline – 688 km, maximum depth is 668 m. the lake Shoreline is quite indented – there Continue reading
LAKE SVETLOYAR (Shambhala Russia) is a legendary lake located in the Nizhny Novgorod region. According to the local historian N. N. Khlopushina, the lake is of glacial-karstic origin; karst collapse that ensued as a result of a small earthquake, increased the lake depth to 25.5 m at relatively small sizes – h meters. The usual epithet, which is presented Svetloyar – “Pearl of the sky overturned in the green rim of the forest.” The surroundings of the lake are famous for their renomirani, some see in the water the reflection of the domes of the legendary Kitezh and hear the bell ringing.
The origin of the Svetloyar surrounded by a halo of legends. According to data collected by researchers Vladimir INKINEN and Valerian TURYGINA, the most ancient, pagan layer is associated with the evil goddess girl the Turk. She rode a spirited horse and would whip people for their sins, yet fell to the ground and there was a lake. The second stratum of the legend dates to the time of the invasion of Batu Khan. One of the Russian prisoners have not sustained tortures and has shown Tatars secret paths. But through the prayers of the inhabitants of Kitezh high power hid it at the bottom of the lake. The third layer of legends – the schismatic, Continue reading
Samara region – one of the regions of the Volga region, the fifth largest. From the point of view of geography it is located in Central European Russia, on both sides of the Volga river, bordering with Tatarstan, Kazakhstan, and regions of Sverdlovsk, Saratov and Orenburg.
Temperate continental climate and relatively high average temperatures (July + 20,7°C, in January is 13.8°C) combined with high humidity make living in the region quite comfortable. The main square of the region covered by steppes, but the landscape is decorated with low Falcon and the Zhiguli mountains, coniferous and deciduous forests. Many rivers and streams, the largest of which, not including the Volga – Samara, Juice, Moustache, Big Kinel, provide the area with essential moisture for everyday life and agriculture. Continue reading