In the North-East of Kyrgyzstan, among rugged ranges that form the Northern and Central Tien Shan, is a huge basin of lake Issyk-Kul, called sometimes the sizes Kyrgyz sea. The maximum dimensions of the basin from West to East is 275 km from North to South and 146 km from Issyk Kul or Yssyk-Kol (in translation from Kyrgyz – “hot lake”, from the ancient Turkic – “sacred lake”) is considered the jewel of the country and the Tien Shan. The first mention of the Issyk-Kul is found in Chinese Chronicles the end of II century BC, where it is called the Same high (“warm sea”). The lake lies in the North-East of Kyrgyzstan in the vast tectonic depression formed over 50 million years ago.
The surface area of this lake is situated at an altitude of 1607 m above sea level, is 6236 sq. km largest it occupies the 23rd place among lakes of the world. However, this is one of the deepest lakes on earth. It is second only to lake Baikal, Caspian sea, lake Tanganyika and lake Nyasa. Issyk-Kul lake in size is the second largest Alpine lakes after lake Titicaca in South America. Its length is about 178 km, width 60 km, the coastline – 688 km, maximum depth is 668 m. the lake Shoreline is quite indented – there Continue reading
Balaton, or as it is called in Hungary. «Hungarian sea” — the largest lake in Central Europe. Located on the Pannonian plain in the valley, stretched along the South-Eastern foot of the mountains of Bakony, about 80 kilometers southwest of Budapest, this lake is of tectonic origin, although a tectonic lakes like Baikal, usually reaches a great depth, among them the occasional and quite shallow. These include Balaton, whose maximum depth is about 12 meters, and at the narrowest point, where the shore of the lake converge at a distance of only 1.5 kilometers.
Active volcanoes in the vicinity of lake Balaton there, as anywhere in Central Europe, but preserved evidence of a turbulent geological past of the region. Along the Northern coast is dominated by the number of extinct and already heavily destroyed by the volcanic cones, and on the Tihany Peninsula there are more than one hundred and sinter cones — traces of geysers, which had operated here once. Up to the present time on the North shore of the lake a lot of hot, highly mineralized sources, are widely known for its healing properties.
VERY HEALTHY WATER
The predominant color of the water in lake Balaton, Hungary — a light green, but depending on weather and time of day it is changing. But in the winter and summer «Hungarian Continue reading
The main river of Hungary, the Danube, crosses the Northern part of the hills is narrow, with steep banks, deep valley through the Midlands, forming a picturesque valley.
The mountains here are low, but due to their volcanic origin, have almost “Alpine” character.
Budapest is located in the southern end of this narrow portion of the river valley.
Following the Danube bend – flowing river, its width is 400-550 m. In the Budapest area of the Danube considerably already – 300-350 m.
On the Danube there are two floods of the spring and summer; the first is associated with snowmelt in the upper reaches of the river, second the rains. The most dangerous is the spring flood.
The river is navigable throughout its Hungarian part.
The second most important river of Hungary, Tisza, a tributary of the Danube. But, vodozbirna its area occupies about half the country. Flood on the river otmechaetsya, as well as on the Danube, early in the spring and early summer.
In the river is always a lot of loess particles, therefore it is often called “blonde” or “blond” Tisza.
Prior to the implementation regulation of the riverbed of the Tisza river floods repeatedly flooded the Eastern Continue reading