3 days and the beautiful lake Issyk-Kul
In the North-East of Kyrgyzstan, among rugged ranges that form the Northern and Central Tien Shan, is a huge basin of lake Issyk-Kul, called sometimes the sizes Kyrgyz sea. The maximum dimensions of the basin from West to East is 275 km from North to South and 146 km from Issyk Kul or Yssyk-Kol (in translation from Kyrgyz – “hot lake”, from the ancient Turkic – “sacred lake”) is considered the jewel of the country and the Tien Shan. The first mention of the Issyk-Kul is found in Chinese Chronicles the end of II century BC, where it is called the Same high (“warm sea”). The lake lies in the North-East of Kyrgyzstan in the vast tectonic depression formed over 50 million years ago.
The surface area of this lake is situated at an altitude of 1607 m above sea level, is 6236 sq. km largest it occupies the 23rd place among lakes of the world. However, this is one of the deepest lakes on earth. It is second only to lake Baikal, Caspian sea, lake Tanganyika and lake Nyasa. Issyk-Kul lake in size is the second largest Alpine lakes after lake Titicaca in South America. Its length is about 178 km, width 60 km, the coastline – 688 km, maximum depth is 668 m. the lake Shoreline is quite indented – there are about 20 picturesque bays and coves.
Directly adjacent to the lake is a narrow lake plain, dissected by the channels of many rivers. The lake has no outlet, although it runs about 80 rivers and streams. Therefore, the water in the lake is salty, (almost 6 g/l) unfit for drinking, but very transparent. The main sources that feed the lake, are the rivers Djergalan, tup, Karakol, Djuuka, Ton, Jety-Oguz, Chon-AK-Suu, AK-Terek, Barskon, etc.
In connection with climate change, the increasing use of runoff flowing into the lake rivers for irrigation, the reduction of glaciation in the basin of the lake level recently dropped heavily, but, according to the latest data, this process began to evolve in the opposite direction.
The Issyk-Kul hollow ring surrounded by two mighty mountain chains: to the North the Kungei Ala-too (length-285 km, Chok-Tal (4771 m)), from the South – Terskey Ala-too (length-354 km, Karakol-5280 m). The ring of mountains like a lake protects the cavity against the penetration of cold air from the North and hot air from the deserts of Central Asia, because the climate is quite mild, which makes the Issyk-Kul lake in one of the largest resorts in Central Asia. The water temperature in summer reaches +24 C in winter – +4 (here is the source of origin of his name). Famous Russian traveler Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky called Issyk-Kul “the aquamarine in the silver setting of mountains”.
The name of the lake means “hot lake” because it never freezes all year round. The climate of the lake hollow is warm, dry, temperate, mountain and sea, is favorable for Spa treatment, recreation, tourism, water and water sports: few days with precipitation, lots of sun, high UV radiation, ionized air, nice sandy beaches, clean air, comfortable temperature (air + 22-28 degrees C, water 19-24), therapeutic mineral water and mud, abundance of southern fruits and vegetables – all this creates excellent opportunities for rest and recovery. Numerous sanatoriums, resorts and rest houses, concentrated mainly on the North coast, will provide such an opportunity. Crystal clear water, mineral springs in combination with mining and at the same time soft, almost sea climate create unique conditions for holiday rest with mud and thermal treatment. Lake Issyk Kul is a pearl of Central Asia.